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October 28, 2021BY Alancho3000 ( 0 ) Comment

申请学签的时候,同学需要提交的个人简历,一般个人简历包括教育背景、实习经历、获奖情况、活动竞赛这几个部分。在帮同学修改个人简历的时候,最常见到的语法错误是:时态!

譬如:I came to Canada for 3 years. (例子1)
时态分三大类:现在,过去,和将来。
同时,时态分四个等级:一般时,进行时,完成时,和完成进行时。
Level 1)一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时。do/did/will do
Level 2)现在进行时,过去进行时,将来进行时。is doing/ was doing/ will be doing
Level 3)现在完成时,过去完成时,将来完成时。have done/ had done/ will have done
Level 4)现在完成进行时,过去完成进行时,将来完成进行时。have been doing/ had been doing/ will have been doing

上面每个时态,同学需要分清楚,在写具体的个人简历的时候,应该用哪一个。 如上面的例子1,同学可以同一般过去时,也可以用现在完成时。
一般过去时:I came to Canada 3 years ago.
现在完成时:I have lived in Canada for 3 years.

同学在申请本科专业的时候,提交essay,在回答“你为什么要申请这个专业?”的时候,最常见到的语法错误是:句型!

句型分四个等级:
Level 1: 简单句 I eat apples.
Level 2: 并列句 I eat apples, and Tom eats pears.
Level 3: 复杂句 I eat apples, which are delicious.
Level 4: 并列复杂句 I eat apples, and Tom eats pears, which are delicious.

在修改同学的essay的时候,复杂句(which, that, who, where)是同学容易写错的句型,特别是which 和where的时候。

譬如: 下面哪个句子是错误的?
1) I like my school, which I used to study.
2) I like my school, where I used to study.
答案是第1个句子是错误的,正确的写法是I like my school, at which I used to study. (at which 在这里可改成 where).

同学在写文书的时候,内容按照自己真实的情况写,在写的时候请注意时态,句型,介词,代词,名词单复数,和动词的固定搭配等。

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